Student Presidents

Citation and Avoiding Plagiarism

Students are often confused about citation: when it's necessary and how to do it.

When Citation is Necessary: Generally speaking, if you are using an idea generated or developed by someone else, you must give them credit to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and can result in extreme consequences for a student. See the Academic Honesty Policy for details.

How to Cite - the Basics: Make it clear where in your paper another author's ideas begin and end. This is true for summaries, paraphrasing and word-for-word quotes. Phrases such as "according to..." and "[Author's last name] argues that..." are effective when indicating the start of another author's idea. An in-text citation or superscript/footnote is needed to show where in your paper the other author's ideas end. Finally, a list of all sources must be included within the paper. The formats of in-text citations, footnotes, and lists of sources vary depending on which style you're using.

The Benedictine University Library has many online resources available to students needing help with citation:

  • Plagiarism
    This web page provides information about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.
  • Reforms
    This is an online tool that develops a bibliography.  The resulting document must be proof-read for accuracy!

Many students own a copy of The St. Martin's Handbook because it is required for WRIT 101, 102, and 104. This book has a great deal of information about four of the major styles:

  • Chapter 16: MLA Style
  • Chapter 17: APA Style
  • Chapter 18: Chicago Style
  • Chapter 19: CSE Style

Student Life enhances the development of students as lifelong learners and leaders by supporting them throughout the progression of their academic careers.

Student Life
  • Student Life
    BENEDICTINE UNIVERSITY

  • Marco Masini, Associate Vice President
    Phone: (630) 829-6124
    Fax: (630) 829-6348
    E-mail: mmasini@ben.edu

  • Luba Baranivsky, Assistant to the VP
    E-mail: lbaranivsky@ben.edu

  • Lownik Hall, Room 152
    5700 College Road Lisle IL, 60532
    8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m